Using zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae to compare the activation threshold of cholesterol uptake in diets supplemented with alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3) or oleic acid (C18:1).

Joshua Scott Doud, James W Walters

Abstract


Dietary omega-3 fatty acids are associated with mitigation of cardiovascular disease factors such as high serum cholesterol. The American diet is low in omega-3 fatty acids, but prevalent in oleic acid (OA) (C18:1). Preliminary data shows a concentration threshold of cholesterol uptake into intestinal enterocytes to be 200 µM in larvae fed oleic acid. We hypothesized that alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) will decrease cholesterol uptake as compared to oleic acid. We fed 6-day post fertilization larval zebrafish for 3 hours in increasing concentrations of ALA and fluorescent cholesterol to test the activation threshold of cholesterol uptake with an omega-3 fatty acid (C18:3). Fluorescence within enterocytes will be imaged with a confocal microscope and quantified using NIH ImageJ. Our current results show that 100% of larvae fed the ALA diets expired before imaging as compared to control unfed or 5% egg yolk fed larvae. After the first trial, pH of the diet was tested and brought to 7.3. A second trial was conducted and results were the same as the previous trial.  We are testing alternate administration of the ALA diets to determine the cause of larval death.   Acknowledgements: Supported by NIH Grant 2P20GM1.343_14 P1500699 to the West Virginia IDEA Network for Biomedical Research Excellence.


Keywords


zebrafish; alpha-linolenic acid; omega-3 fatty acid; lipid; intestine; cholesterol; fatty acid; oleic acid

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