Aggregation Patterns of Sensory Sensillae in the Food Canal and Cibarium of Glossina morsitans morsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae)

James E. Joy, Rita V.M. Rio, Emily A. Setser, Austin A. Humbert

Abstract


Mouthparts of hematophagous vectors serve as intermediaries, enabling the transfer of blood and pathogens from and to their hosts. We describe aggregation patterns of basiconic and setiform sensillae in the food canal and cibarium of the medically significant tsetse fly, Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood. Mean body length of females was significantly greater than males (n = 20 for each sex). Mean lengths of food canal and cibarium were also significantly greater in females, even when correcting for the greater body lengths of females, but there was no significant difference in total number of sensillae in the food canal or cibarium between the sexes. A pair of basiconic (campaniform) sensillae was consistently present in the food canal of every individual, but numbers of setiform sensillae in the canal of both females and males varied from 53 to 74. No basiconic sensillae were observed in the cibarium proper of any individual, but four minute conical basicones embedded in a sclerotized plate at the posterior edge of the cibarial wall were observed. Number of setiform sensillae in the cibarium varied from 5 to 12 in females and 7 to 11 in males. Setiform and basiconic sensillae were significantly aggregated in the proximal-most (i.e., nearest the head) food canal region of both sexes, whereas setiforms were significantly aggregated in the mid regions of the cibarium. Sensilla aggregation patterns in tsetse flies are very different from those documented for tabanid flies indicating potential differences in monitoring blood flow between these two groups of hematophagous feeders.

Keywords


Glossina; tsetse flies; labrum; cibarium; sensilla

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