Development of a Captive Rearing Protocol for Threatened & Endangered Appalachian Crayfish

Christopher Vopal, Emmy Delekta, Matthew McKinney, Zachary Loughman

Abstract


Crayfish are the third most threatened taxa worldwide. In 2016, two Appalachian endemic species were federally listed by the United States Fish & Wildlife Service: Cambarus callainus (Big Sandy Crayfish) and Cambarus veteranus (Guyandotte River Crayfish), which are listed as threatened and endangered respectively. Both species were listed due to limited and declining ranges caused by various anthropogenic activities, especially those causing stream sedimentation. Captive propagation can be used as a tool for crayfish conservation by helping to restore the native range of a species or improving their fecundity within their current range. Over a ten week period 120 young-of-the-year (YOY) Cambarus chasmodactylus (New River Crayfish), a surrogate species for C. callainus and  C. veteranus, were raised in individual cells to compare (1) growth and (2) survival on two different diets. They were fed every other day, with half (60) raised on trout diet pellets (TD) and the other half raised on blood worms (BW). Results showed that the YOY grew more on BW (17.3% growth) than TD (13.6% growth), and there was increased survival with BW (84.5% survival) versus TD (70.5% survival). These findings may be due in part to the fact that blood worms are easier for the crayfish to eat and may have increased nutritional value over  TD. This study suggest a BW diet is more effective in captive rearing of crayfishes than TD, and future studies should explore additional dietary needs.


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