Dominance in Female Crested Geckos (Correlophus ciliates)

Makayla Alexandra Schaefer, Haley Wetzel, Kinsey Skalican, Sarah Johanson, Zachary Loughman

Abstract


Correlophus ciliatus (Crested Geckos) are a gecko species found in the pet trade and in zoological institutions. Native to New Caledonia and once thought to be extinct, C. ciliatus now thrive in human care due to husbandry and subsequent ease of breeding in managed facilities. There are multiple discrepancies in best practices of how to properly house C. ciliatus, specifically females. It is commonly known that males are aggressive towards one another, and it is common practice to house females together in one enclosure to their perceived lack of aggression towards conspecifics. In an effort to increase welfare for female C. ciliatus, we conducted an ethnographic analysis of female C. ciliatus cohabitated in human care.  We placed two sets of three female C. ciliatus in a vivarium, videoed each respective cohort of females for 60 days, defined behaviors, and attempted to determine if dominance behavior were exhibited by females through ethnographic analysis. Chi-Square tests were used to determine if any identified behaviors occurred more frequently than others for each respective female and also what zone did we see the most aggressive behaviors in the enclosure. In each set, we found that there was one dominant female with two submissive conspecifics. 

 

 


Keywords


Crested Gecko; Correlophus ciliatus; Female Dominance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arbuckle, K. (2013) Folklore husbandry and a philosophical model for the design of captive management regimes. Herpetological Review, 44, 448-452.

Baldwin and Repashy (1998) – REPTILES MAG WITH BEARDED DRAGON

Bauer, A. M. (2013) Geckos the animal answer guide. Baltimore, MD, United States of America: University Press Baltimore.

Brusso, K. (2013) Rhacodactylus ciliatus Crested Gecko, Eyelash Gecko. Retrieved April 23, 2019, from Animal Diversity Web: https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Rhacodactylus_ciliatus/.

De Vosjoli, P., & Repashy, A. (2019). Crested Gecko Care Sheet. Retrieved April 23, 2019, from Reptiles Magazine : http://www.reptilesmagazine.com/Care-Sheets/Lizards/Crested-Gecko/.

De Vosjoli and Fast – 1999 – VIVARIUM WITH FROG ON IT

De Vosjoli, P., Fast, F. and Repashy, A. (2003). Rhadcodactylus, The Complete Guide to their Selection and Care. China.

De Vosjoli, P., Fast, F. and Repashy, A. (2015) – LEACHIE BOOK

De Vosjoli, A. Repashy, and F. Fast (2013) – GARGOYLE BOOK

Frankenberg, E. (1984). Interactions Between Two Species of Colonizing House Geckos, Hemidactylus turcicus and Hemidactylus garnotii. Journal of Herpetology. 18(1), 1-7.

Greenberg, B. (1943). Social Behavior of the Western Banded Gecko, Coleonyx variegatus Baird. Physiological Zoology. 16, 110-122.

Hamper, R. (2005). Crested Gecko in Captivity. ECO press.

Henkel, F., & Schmidt, W. (1995). Geckoes Biology, Husbandry, and Reproduction. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida.

Lucas, K. K. (2017 March/April). Your Crestie Bestie. Reptiles Magazine, 17-25.

Lucas, K. K. (2019). Crested Gecko Care and Information. Retrieved April 23, 2019, from Reptiles Magazine: http://www.reptilesmagazine.com/Crested-Gecko-Care-Information/.

Marcellini, D. (1977). Acoustic and visual Display Behavior of Gekkonid Lizards. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 17, 251-260.

Mendyk 218 – BOOK CHAPTER

Petren, K. and Case, T.J. (1998). Habitat structure determines competition intensity and invasion success in gecko lizards. The National Academy of Science. 95, 11739-11744.

Seipp, R., & Henkel, F. (2011). Rhacodactylus: Biology, natural history & husbandry. Frankfurt, Germany: Edition Chimaira.

Snyder, J.P., L.A. Snyder, and A.M. Bauer (2010) Ecological observations on the gargoyle gecko, Rhacodactylus auriculatus (Bavay, 1869), in southern New Caledonia. Salmandra. 46 (1): 37-47.




Copyright (c) 2020 Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.