Spinal strength and range of motion in adults with scoliosis.

Authors

  • Greg Bradley-Popovich WV Wesleyan College
  • Kristy Henson WV Wesleyan College
  • Joshua David Olachea West Virginia Wesleyan College

Keywords:

Scoliosis, Spinal strength, Spinal range of motion, Low back pain

Abstract

GREG BRADLEY-POPOVICH, School of Exercise Science & Athletic Training, West Virginia Wesleyan College, Buckhannon, WV, 26201, KRISTY HENSON, Department of Biology & Environmental Science, West Virginia Wesleyan College, Buckhannon, WV, 26201, and JOSHUA OLACHEA, School of Exercise Science & Athletic Training, West Virginia Wesleyan College, Buckhannon, WV, 26201. Spinal strength and range of motion in adults with scoliosis.

Scoliosis often occurs during adolescence for unknown reasons. While little is known about how the curvature impacts spinal function in youth, even less is understood about the lasting ramifications once these patients become adults.
   The purpose of this study is to describe functional characteristics of adults who developed scoliosis in their youth. Twenty-eight consecutive patients (mean age 42.6 (sd = 16.5); 82.1% female) with scoliosis were referred to and evaluated in an out-patient orthopedic physical therapy clinic specializing in spine care. We measured trunk strength and range of motion (ROM), while documenting other identifying characteristics such as age, gender, curve severity, pain, and curve stability. Truncal strength and ROM in the sagittal and transverse planes were measured on MedX spinal dynamometers.
   Data reveal 70.4% of patients reported spinal pain at intake, and 76.2% demonstrated a clinically significant strength imbalance in torso rotation. Relative to norms, torsional weakness in at least one direction occurred in 90.9% of patients, and 45.8% of patients exhibited trunk rotation ROM restriction in at least one direction.
   Adults with scoliosis present with variable amounts of truncal strength and ROM imbalance and deficits, the identification of which may be used to guide exercise prescription. 

Author Biographies

Greg Bradley-Popovich, WV Wesleyan College

Associate Professor of Exercise Science & Athletic Training

Kristy Henson, WV Wesleyan College

Assistant Lab Coordinator & Instructor, Department of Biology & Environmental Science

Joshua David Olachea, West Virginia Wesleyan College

Senior student of Exercise Science and Athletic Training

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Published

2017-04-04

How to Cite

Bradley-Popovich, G., Henson, K., & Olachea, J. D. (2017). Spinal strength and range of motion in adults with scoliosis. Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science, 89(1). Retrieved from https://pwvas.org/index.php/pwvas/article/view/226

Issue

Section

Meeting Abstracts-Poster