Towards an analytical description of propane-air premixed combustion in gaseous and gaseous-dusty industrial applications
AbstractEmerging usage of propane as an alternative fuel for transportation, cooking, heating and manufacturing, will unavoidably lead to accidental leakage and accumulation of propane occurring in industries dealing with flammable gases and explosive dust. An example is the coalmining industry, which historically has one of the highest fatality and injury rates among the employees. For this reason, here we extend a recent theory of a coalmine fire scenario, accounting for wall obstacles and switching from methane to propane. The new formulation combines the theories of self-accelerating expanding flames, of finger flames and of ultrafast flame acceleration in obstructed conduits. Specifically, the mining configuration is imitated by two-dimensional and cylindrical passages of high aspect ratios, with comb-shaped arrays of obstacles attached to the walls. The passages have one extreme open such that a flame is ignited at a closed end and propagates to an exit. The key stages of the flame evolution such as the velocity of the flame front and the run-up distance are scrutinized for a variety of the flame and mining parameters. Starting with gaseous propane-air flames, the analysis is subsequently extended to gaseous-dusty ones. Specifically, the coal dust (combustible, i.e. facilitating the fire), inert dust (such as sand, moderating the process), and their combinations are considered, with the impact of the size and concentration of the dust particles quantified. Overall, the influence of obstacles on the fire scenario is substantial, with a stronger effect observed in the cylindrical geometry as compared to the two-dimensional passages.
Alpha Foundation for the Improvement of Mine Safety and Health, Inc.
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