Appraisal of CFD Discrete-Phase Models to be employed for Modeling Coal Particle Feeding in a Staged, Pressurized Oxy-fuel Combustor (SPOC)

Authors

  • Alain Islas West Virginia University
  • Ansan Pokharel West Virginia University
  • V'yacheslav Akkerman West Virginia University
  • Zhiwei Yang Washington University in Saint Louis
  • Richard L. Axelbaum Washington University in Saint Louis

Keywords:

CFD, DPM, coal particles, oxy-combustion

Abstract

In the present computational study employing the ANSYS Fluent commercial software, two different discrete phase formulations, namely, the discrete phase model (DPM) and the dense discrete phase model (DDPM) are tested and compared. Specifically, the unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations with the Lagrangian-Eulerian models are performed in both cases. The configuration employed is a cylindrical combustor with three inlet gas streams that feed the system with mixtures of different O2 and CO2 mole fractions under an operating condition of 15 bar, emulating the 100 kW lab-scale facility employed at Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL). Specifically, the coal particles are fed into the system by the secondary gas stream through an annulus-axial convergent duct surrounding the primary inlet stream. Distributions of the DPM concentration (the ratio of the dispersed phase mass to the mesh cell volume; in kg/m3) of the coal particles along the axial direction within this secondary inlet agree for both the DPM and DDPM models even though these models mimic the coupling between the phases in a different manner. However, the particle grouping is observed not only axially, along the inlet duct, but also in the radial direction as there are zones experiencing non-uniform particle distribution. Overall, the impact of DPM concentration on the flame stability is shown to be minor since a continuous particle release prior to burning zone is successfully achieved for both models.

Author Biographies

Alain Islas, West Virginia University

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Ansan Pokharel, West Virginia University

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

V'yacheslav Akkerman, West Virginia University

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Zhiwei Yang, Washington University in Saint Louis

Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering

Richard L. Axelbaum, Washington University in Saint Louis

Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering

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Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

Islas, A., Pokharel, A., Akkerman, V., Yang, Z., & Axelbaum, R. L. (2020). Appraisal of CFD Discrete-Phase Models to be employed for Modeling Coal Particle Feeding in a Staged, Pressurized Oxy-fuel Combustor (SPOC). Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science, 92(1). Retrieved from https://pwvas.org/index.php/pwvas/article/view/692

Issue

Section

Meeting Abstracts-Oral