Using Ecological Parameters to Determine Valuable Monitoring Sites for Cambarus callainus in Eastern Kentucky, Southwestern Virginia, and Southwestern West Virginia

Authors

  • Carly L Cunningham West Liberty University

Abstract

The Big Sandy crayfish(Cambarus callainus) is a federally threatened crayfish in the Big Sandy River Basin (U.S. Fish and Wildlife, 2019). To prevent this crayfish from becoming endangered, or worse extinct, proper habitat protection plans need to be taken. This study evaluates physical habitat and uses statistical analys to properly determine key monitoring sites for C. callainus. Substrate, instream coverage of water (such as woody debris), morphology for the channel, erosion of banks or riparian, flow quality, and elevation of the stream are used produce a quantitative overall number. Goodness of Fit Test for water basins and ANOVAs between previous studies of Loughman (2015) and Tidmore (2019) were used to create a description of monitoring sites. Loughman’s 2015 study showed that physical characteristics, especially slab embeddedness, to be a good indicator of C. callainus presence. However, this study still needs more statistical analysis to be performed for proper description of what sites to monitor for C. callainus.    

Author Biography

Carly L Cunningham, West Liberty University

Natural Science and Mathematics. Student.

References

Loughman, Z. J. (2015). Cambarus callainus Range Wide Conservation Status Survey. Elkins:

United States Fish and Wildlife Service Regions 4 and 5.

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. (2006). Methods for assessing habitat in flowing waters:

using the Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (QHEI). Ohio EPA Technical Bulletin

EAS/2006 06-1. Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Columbus, OH.

Thoma, R. F., Z. J. Loughman, and J. Fetzner. 2014. A new species of crayfish (Decapoda:

Cambaridae) from the Big Sandy River basin in Kentucky, Virginia, and West Virginia, USA. Zootaxa 3900(4); 541–554. DOI: dx. doi. Org / 10.11646 /zootaxa. 3900.4.5

Tidmore, Eric and Z. J. Loughman. 2019. Influence of Watershed-scale Variables on the

Distribution of a Narrow Endemic Crayfish (Cambarus taylori) and Two Federally-Protected NarrowEndemic Crayfish (Cambarus veteranus and Cambarus callainus). Unpublished Thesis.

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Published

2021-04-01

How to Cite

Cunningham, C. L. (2021). Using Ecological Parameters to Determine Valuable Monitoring Sites for Cambarus callainus in Eastern Kentucky, Southwestern Virginia, and Southwestern West Virginia. Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science, 93(1). Retrieved from https://pwvas.org/index.php/pwvas/article/view/775